Abstract: This paper reconsiders the widely accepted claim that phonological rules/constraints do not ‘count’ to three or more. However, as I discuss, there exist some phenomena that are problematic for this claim, especially in Bantu tone systems. This paper gives an overview of some phonological systems that require counting, focusing on a particularly challenging case from Manyika. I argue that counting is more common than has been acknowledged, and that an adequate theory of phonology must account for counting.
Paster, Mary. 2019. “Phonology counts”. Manuscript available in Radical: A Journal of Phonology.