Non-myopic nasal spreading in Saraiki
Nancy C. Kula
Nasir A. Syed
Abstract: Saraiki manifests asymmetric bidirectional nasal spreading. Regressive spreading is mandatory, gradient and myopic. It initiates if there is a nasal phoneme in a word and transmits leftwards from segment to segment unless it is either blocked by an opaque segment or it reaches the left-most edge of the word. Glides and vowels are targets, while liquids and less sonorous consonants such as obstruents are blockers. Unlike regressive nasalization, progressive nasal spread is non-myopic and categorical. It only targets suffixes and only activates if there are suitable targets to the right edge of the domain. It does not activate at all if there is a blocker ahead even if that blocker is non-contiguous to the trigger. It is in this sense non-myopic and a counterexample to the predicted sour grapes effect as argued in, for example, McCarthy (2009, 2011), Wilson (2003, 2004), among others. Saraiki therefore provides data that warrants a rethinking of the typology of harmony systems.
Kula, Nancy C. & Syed, Nasir A. 2019. “Non-myopic nasal spreading in Saraiki”. Manuscript available in Radical: A Journal of Phonology.